Background information of algeria

Farther south, increasing aridity reduces the vegetation to a discontinuous type of steppe treeless plain dominated by esparto grass.

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Evidence even begins to emerge of a split within the much more hardline GIA, some members of which are now said to be keen to join in a peace process. Political power resided in the Council of the Revolutiona predominantly military body intended to foster cooperation among various factions in the army and the party.

Far from taking the expected right-wing line, De Gaulle talks of equal rights for Europeans and Muslims. After Masinissa's death in BC, the Berber kingdoms were divided and reunited several times.

Muslim and colon deputies alike abstained or voted against the statute but for diametrically opposed reasons: There is a vast build up of French troops, and the army forcibly resettles some two million villagers to try and deprive the FLN of rural support.

It was Background information of algeria this time that the Fatimids or children of Fatima, daughter of Muhammad, came to the Maghreb.

Algerian Civil War Massacres of over 50 people in — The outsiders, as in all imperialist situations, were seen as the people in the right, in charge, to be looked up to. Bendjedid resigned and a High Council of State was installed to act as Presidency. In fact, by the time the Byzantines arrived Lepcis Magna was abandoned and the Msellata region was occupied by the indigenous Laguatan who had been busy facilitating an Amazigh political, military and cultural revival.

Relief The main structural relief features in Algeria were produced by the collision of the African and Eurasian tectonic plates along the Mediterranean margin, giving the country its two geographic regions. Algerian War of Independence The Algerian War of Independence —brutal and long, was the most recent major turning point in the country's history.

And as in similar situations elsewhere in the world, the generals always remain a threat in the background. European settlement is actively encouraged.

U.S. Department of State

With the aid of this force, Hayreddin conquered the whole area between Constantine and Oran although the city of Oran remained in Spanish hands until South of the Tell Atlas there are only ephemeral rivers wadisand much surface runoff ends in chotts salt marshes within inland depressions.

We can say that in the 13th century there were in all of North Africawith the exception of the main mountain ranges and certain coastal regions remained entirely Berber. Muslim Algerians, they argue, should enjoy equal status with the settlers as French citizens.

Several years later the delegates have delivered little in the way of effective legislation, when Algerian life is suddenly transformed by a wholly unexpected uprising. The other two, Raoul Salan and Edmond Jouhaud, go underground to continue their resistance.

Half a century later this figure has doubled. In the same way, the Tell Atlas is not continuous; in the west it forms two distinct ranges separated by interior plains. These settlements served as market towns as well as anchorages. After Philippeville, all-out war began in Algeria.

And the depredations of piracy, after three centuries, at last prompt French intervention in Algeria. Hussein Dey went into exile. In Septemberanother referendum—this one to consider a proposed Charter for Peace and National Reconciliation—passed by an overwhelming margin.

The other two, Raoul Salan and Edmond Jouhaud, go underground to continue their resistance. During the s he takes steps to lighten the heavy hand of state monopoly - infor example, measures are put in place to break up the state farms into six times as many smaller units.

Abd al Qadir emerged as a fighter of the people, and sought to create an independent Algerian state. They moved in many citizens, some who were entrepreneurs looking to buy land, and some who were peasants and sought to live cheaper and start anew in Algeria.

When a Muslim march was met with violence, marchers rampaged. Late summer saw sporadic incidents attributed to the FFS. The Ahaggar Mountains in the southern Sahara rise to majestic summits; the tallest, Mount Tahat, reaches an elevation of 9, feet 2, metres and is the highest peak in the country.

This was especially beneficial to the leadership after the international oil crisis. He took a systematic, authoritarian approach to state building, arguing that Algeria needed stability and an economic base before any political institutions.

The new leader received the title of dey. The U.S. Energy Information Administration reported that inAlgeria had trillion cubic feet ( × 10 ^ 12 m 3) of proven natural-gas reserves.

Algeria Background

It. Excavations in Algeria have indicated that Homo erectus resided there betweenandyears ago. Phoenician traders settled on the Mediterranean coast in the 1st millennium B.C. As ancient Numidia, Algeria became a Roman colony, part of what was called Mauretania Caesariensis, at the close of the Punic Wars ( B.C.).

For information about our work in Algeria: Visit our Global Focus Algeria page; Read the latest documents, reports and publications in Refworld; Contact Information. The UNHCR Representation in Algeria. Style of Address: The UNHCR Representative in Algeria. Street Address. More information about Algeria is available on the Algeria Page and from other Department of State publications and other sources listed at the end of this fact sheet.

U.S.-ALGERIA RELATIONS. The United States and Algeria established diplomatic relations in. Algeria: Geographical and historical treatment of Algeria, including maps and statistics as well as a survey of its people, economy, and government.

Background: After more than a century of rule by France, Algerians fought through much of the s to achieve independence in Algeria's primary political party, the National Liberation Front (FLN), has dominated politics ever since.

Many Algerians in the subsequent generation were not satisfied, however, and moved to counter the FLN's .

Background information of algeria
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HISTORY OF ALGERIA